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Iminyaka eli-10 yamava eMveliso

Inqaba yokupholisa

1.Umgaqo kunye nolwakhiwo olusisiseko lwenqaba yokupholisa

Inqaba yokupholisa sisixhobo esisebenzisa umnxeba (ngokuthe ngqo okanye ngokungathanga ngqo) womoya namanzi ukupholisa amanzi. Isebenzisa amanzi njengesipholisi esijikelezayo sokufunxa ubushushu kwinkqubo kwaye iwukhuphelele kwimozulu ukunciphisa ubushushu kwinqaba nakwizixhobo zokuvelisa ezinokuphinda zisetyenziselwe ukupholisa amanzi.

Ubudlelwane bokuchithwa kobushushu kwinqaba lokupholisa:

Kwinqaba yokupholisa emanzi, iqondo lobushushu lamanzi ashushu liphezulu, kwaye iqondo lobushushu lomoya ohamba ngaphezulu kwamanzi aphantsi. Amanzi adlulisela ubushushu emoyeni, athathwe ngumoya, kwaye asasazeke emoyeni. Zintathu iindlela zokutshatyalaliswa kobushushu emanzini ukuya emoyeni:

Ukutshatyalaliswa kobushushu ngoqhakamshelwano

Ukuphulukana nobushushu ngomphunga

Ilahleko ubushushu ngokusebenzisa radiation 

Inqaba yokupholisa ikakhulu ixhomekeke kwiindidi ezimbini zokuqala zokutshiswa kobushushu, kwaye ukusasazeka kobushushu kwimitha kuncinci kakhulu, kunokungahoywa

Umgaqo wokusasaza ubushushu ngomphunga:

Ukonyuka kolophu kunye nokuchithwa kobushushu kufezekiswa ngokutshintshiselana ngezinto, oko kukuthi, ngokusasazeka okuqhubekayo kweemolekyuli zamanzi emoyeni. Iimolekyuli zamanzi zinamandla ahlukeneyo. Amandla aphakathi amiselwa bubushushu bamanzi. Ezinye iimolekyuli zamanzi ezinamandla aphezulu e-kinetic kufutshane nomphezulu wamanzi oyisa umtsalane kwiimolekyuli zamanzi ezingabamelwane abaleke umphezulu wamanzi abe ngumphunga wamanzi. Njengokuba iimolekyuli zamanzi zinamandla amakhulu okuphuma, amandla amanzi kufutshane nomphezulu wamanzi Amandla aya esiba mancinci.

Ke ngoko, amaqondo obushushu amanzi ayancipha, oko kukuthi ukusasazeka kobushushu ngumphunga. Kukholelwa ngokubanzi ukuba iimolekyuli zamanzi ezenziwe ngumphunga zenza umaleko omncinci womoya ogcweleyo emanzini, iqondo lobushushu elilinganayo nelomphezulu wamanzi, emva koko isantya sokwanda komphunga wamanzi ophuma kwindawo egcweleyo Umaleko oya kwiatmosferi uxhomekeke kuxinzelelo lomphunga wamanzi lwesingxobo sokugcwalisa kunye noxinzelelo lomphunga wamanzi womoya obizwa ngokuba ngumthetho kaDolton.Ungamelwa ngumzobo olandelayo.

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Isakhiwo esisiseko senqaba yokupholisa

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 Inkxaso nenqaba: inkxaso yangaphandle.

Ukupakisha: Bonelela ngendawo yokutshintshiselana ngobushushu ngamanzi nomoya omkhulu kangangoko kunokwenzeka.

Itanki yamanzi okupholisa: ibekwe emazantsi enqaba yokupholisa, ifumana amanzi okupholisa.

Umqokeleli wamanzi: buyisa amathontsi amanzi athathwe ngumsinga womoya.

Ukungena komoya: ukupholisa inqaba yokungena komoya.

Isixhobo sokutshiza amanzi: ukutshiza amanzi okupholisa.

Umlandeli: thumela umoya kwinqaba yokupholisa.

Iifeni zeAxial zisetyenziselwa ukunyusa umoya kwiinqaba zokupholisa.

Iifayile ze-Axial / centrifugal zisetyenziselwa ukunyanzelisa uyilo lokupholisa.

Izitshixo zokupholisa inqaba: umndilili wokungena komoya; gcina ukufuma kwinqaba

Imiba enxulumene nokukhetha inqaba yokupholisa

1) Q: Ukuchongwa kokupholisa ukusetyenziswa kwamandla kwinqaba?

  A: Amandla eFan, ukuhamba kwamanzi okupholisa, ukwenza amanzi okupholisa

2) Q: Lingakanani iqondo lobushushu kwinqaba lokupholisa elisebenza ngokufanelekileyo?

  A: Ubushushu bamanzi obungenayo kwinqaba yokupholisa kuxhomekeke kusetyenziso olwahlukileyo. Umzekelo, ubushushu bamanzi okuphuma kwento esisangqa umoya ngaphakathi yi-30-40 ° C, ngelixa ubushushu bamanzi bephuma kwinqaba yokupholisa ubukhulu becala ingama-30 ° C. Ubushushu obufanelekileyo bokupholisa (ubuyiselo lwamanzi lubuyile) kwinqaba yokupholisa yi-2-3 ° C ephezulu kuneqondo lobushushu lebhalbhu emanzi. Eli xabiso libizwa ngokuba "kukulinganisa". Ukulinganisa kuncinci, ngcono isiphumo sokupholisa, kunye nenqaba yokupholisa inezoqoqosho ngakumbi.

3) Q: Uyintoni umahluko phakathi kwenqaba evulekileyo kunye nenqaba evaliweyo

A: Uhlobo oluvulekileyo: Utyalomali lwakwangoko lincinci, kodwa iindleko zokusebenza ziphezulu (ukusetyenziswa kwamanzi nangakumbi kunye nokusetyenziswa kwamandla)

 Kuvaliwe: Esi sixhobo silungele ukusetyenziswa kwiindawo ezinobuzaza ezifana nembalela, ukunqongophala kwamanzi, kunye neenkqwithela zesanti rhoqo kwiindawo. Zininzi izinto zokupholisa ezinjengamanzi, ioyile, utywala, ukucima ulwelo, amanzi etyuwa kunye nolwelo lweekhemikhali, njl.njl.

 Ukungancedi: Indleko yokupholisa inqaba iphindwe kathathu kunenqaba evulekileyo.

Ukufakwa, ukubhobhoza, ukusebenza kunye neziphene eziqhelekileyo kwinqaba yokupholisa

Amalungiselelo ngaphambi kokusebenza:

1) Izinto zangaphandle kwicala lokungenisa umoya okanye ezijikeleze imoto yomoya kufuneka zisuswe;

2) Qinisekisa ukuba kukho ukucoceka okwaneleyo phakathi komsila wamatshini omoya kunye nesidumbu somoya ukuthintela ukonakala ngexesha lokusebenza;

3) Jonga ukuba i-V-ibhanti yesinciphisi ilungelelaniswe kakuhle;

4) Indawo ezime kuyo i-V-belt pulleys kufuneka igcinwe ikwelinye inqanaba elinye nelinye;

5) Emva kokugqitywa kokuhlolwa ngasentla, qalisa ukutshintshela ngokukhawuleza ukujonga ukuba indlela yokusebenza ye-windmill ichanekile? Kwaye ngaba kukho nasiphi na isandi esingaqhelekanga kunye nongcangcazelo?

6) Coca ipani lamanzi ashushu kunye nenkunkuma yangaphakathi kwinqaba;

7) Susa ukungcola kunye nomcimbi wangaphandle kwipani yamanzi ashushu, emva koko ugcwalise amanzi kwindawo yokugcwala;

8) Qalisa ukujikeleza kwempompo yamanzi rhoqo kwaye ususe umoya kumbhobho de kube umbhobho kunye nepani yamanzi abandayo zigcwaliswa ngamanzi ajikelezayo;

9) Xa impompo yamanzi ejikelezayo isebenza ngokwesiqhelo, inqanaba lamanzi epanini lamanzi abandayo liya kuhla kancinci. Ngeli xesha, ivelufa yokudada kufuneka ihlengahlengiswe kwinqanaba elithile lamanzi;

10) Qinisekisa ukutshintsha kwesekethe yenkqubo yesekethe kwaye ujonge ukuba ingaba i-fuse kunye neenkcukacha zewiring ziyahambelana nomthwalo weemoto.

Amanyathelo okhuseleko lokuqala inqaba yamanzi:

1.Qalisa i-windmill ngamaxesha athile kwaye ujonge ukuba iyasebenza na ukuya kwicala elibi okanye ingxolo engaqhelekanga okanye ukungcangcazela kwenzeka? Emva koko qalisa impompo yamanzi ukubaleka;

2.Check ukuba ukusebenza ngoku kweemoto zomoya kugcwele ngaphezulu? Kulumkele ukwenzeka kokudinwa yimoto okanye ukwehla kwamandla ombane;

3.Sebenzisa ivelufa yolawulo ukulungelelanisa umthamo wamanzi ukugcina inqanaba lamanzi epanini lamanzi ashushu kuma-30 ~ 50mm; d. Jonga ukuba inqanaba lamanzi epanini elibandayo lihlala liqhelekile na.

Imiba efuna ingqalelo ngexesha lokusebenza kwinqaba yamanzi:

Emva kweentsuku ezi-5 ukuya kwezi-6 zokusebenza, phinda ujonge ukuba ingaba ibhanti ye-V yesixhobo sokunciphisa izixhobo zomoya siqhelekile? Ukuba ikhululekile, ungasebenzisa i-bolt yokulungisa ukuyitshixa ngokufanelekileyo;

2.Emva kokuba inqaba yokupholisa isebenza iveki yonke, amanzi ajikelezayo kufuneka abuyiselwe kwakhona ukuze kususwe inkunkuma kunye nobumdaka kumbhobho;

3.Ukusebenza kokupholisa kwenqaba yokupholisa kuya kuchaphazeleka kukujikeleza kwamanzi. Ngesi sizathu, kufuneka kuqinisekiswe inqanaba lamanzi epanini lamanzi ashushu;

4. Ukuba inqanaba lamanzi kwiipani zamanzi abandayo lihla, ukusebenza kwempompo yokujikeleza kwamanzi kunye nomoya opholileyo kuya kuchaphazeleka, ke inqanaba lamanzi kufuneka ligcinwe rhoqo

Amanyathelo okhuseleko kulondolozo lwenqaba yamanzi:

Amanzi ajikelezayo atshintshwa kube kanye ngenyanga. Ukuba amdaka, kufuneka afakwe endaweni yawo. Ukutshintshwa kwamanzi ajikelezayo kusekwe kuxinzelelo oluqinileyo emanzini. Kwangelo xesha, ipani yamanzi ashushu kunye neepani zamanzi abandayo kufuneka zicocwe. Ukuba kukho ukungcola kwipani yamanzi ashushu, iya kuchaphazela ukusebenza kokupholisa.


Ixesha Post: Apr-07-2021